Арабчууд

— «Араб үндэстэн» гээд холбогдов —
Энэ нэрийг бусад Арабаас ялган таниарай.

Араб (Арабаар: عرب‎, араб гэсэн утгатай) нь Баруун Ази, Умард Африк, африкийн захын хэсгээр амьдардаг араб хүмүүс болон араб хэлээр ярьдаг хүмүүсийг нэрлэдэг хэт угсаатны бүлгийг хэлдэг байна. Арабууд нь эртний гарал үүсэл, шашин шүтлэг, түүхэн уг сурвалж, уламжлал болон удамшлаараа ялгаатай өөр өөр гарлын хүмүүсийн цуглуулга болсон нэгдэл юм. Арабууд нь тоогоороо дэлхийн хэмжээнд хятадын хан үндэстэний дараа хоёрдугаард ордог хэт угсаатан юм.

Шинжлэх ухаанЗасварлах

 
Дундад зууны үеийн арабын гар үйлдвэр

СоёлЗасварлах

 
12 зууны үеийн зураг

УрлагЗасварлах

АрхитектурЗасварлах

ХөгжимЗасварлах

Утга зохиолЗасварлах

 
Ливаны яруу найрагч, зураач Халил Жибраны өөрийгөө зурсан хөрөг

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Гарал үүсэлЗасварлах

Y-ХромсомЗасварлах

Эх хромсомЗасварлах

Бусад хромсомуудЗасварлах

Хүн амЗасварлах

2015 оны байдлаар 420-450 сая араб хүн байна.

Арабын лиг болон ИзральЗасварлах

Country Population Official language(s) Notes
  Algeria 38,700,000[1] Arabic official language
  Bahrain 1,314,089[2] Arabic official language
  Comoros 766,865[3] Arabic co-official language with Comorian and French
  Djibouti 810,179[4] Arabic co-official language with French
  Egypt 86,895,099[5] Arabic official language
  Iraq 32,585,692[6] Arabic co-official language with Kurdish
  Israel 1,658,000 Arabic co-official language with Hebrew According to Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics, the Arab population in 2013 was estimated at 1,658,000, representing 20.7% of the country's population.[7]
  Jordan 7,930,491[8] Arabic official language
  Kuwait 4,156,306[9] Arabic official language 60% of Kuwait's population is Arab (including Kuwaitis and Arab expatriates).
  Lebanon 5,882,562[10] Arabic official language
  Libya 6,244,174[11] Arabic official language
  Mauritania 3,516,806[12] Arabic official language
  Morocco 32,987,206[13] Arabic co-official language with Berber
  Oman 3,219,775[14] Arabic official language
Загвар:Country data State of Palestine Palestine 4,225,710 Arabic official language Gaza Strip: 1,763,387, 100% Palestinian Arab,[15] West Bank: 2,676,740, 83% Palestinian Arab and other[16]
  Qatar 2,123,160[17] Arabic official language
  Saudi Arabia 27,345,986[18] Arabic official language
  Somalia 10,428,043[19] Arabic co-official language with Somali
  Sudan 35,482,233[20] Arabic co-official language with English
  Syria 17,951,639[21] Arabic official language
  Tunisia 10,937,521[22] Arabic official language
  United Arab Emirates 8,264,070[23] Arabic official language
  Yemen 26,052,966[24] Arabic official language

Араб цагаачидЗасварлах

Arab diaspora
Flag Country Number of Arabs Total Population % Arabs Notes
  Brazil 10,000,000 200,000,000 5% [25]
  France 5,880,000 65,350,000 9% [26]
  Indonesia 5,000,000 237,420,000 2.1% [27]
  Argentina 3,500,000 41,280,000 8.5% [28]
  United States 3,500,000 315,700,000 1.11% [29]
  Turkey 1,600,000 80,500,000 2.1% [30]
  Venezuela 1,600,000 28,000,000 6% [31]
  Iran 7,800,000 80,000,000 9.0% [32]
  Chad 1,400,000 10,329,208 12.3% [33]
  Mexico 1,100,000 115,300,000 0.95% [34]
  Chile 1,000,000 17,400,000 5.8% [35]
  Spain 800,000 46,750,000 2.4%
  Italy 760,000 60,920,000 1.2%
  Colombia 705,000 46,370,000 1.5% [36]
  United Kingdom 500,000 63,180,000 0.8% [37]
  Germany 500,000 82,000,000 0.6% [38]
  Canada 450,000 33,500,000 1.4% [39]
  Netherlands 480,000 16,750,000 2.8% [40]
  Australia 350,000 22,970,000 1.5% [41]
  Greece 250,000 10,900,000 2.2%

Эх сурвалжЗасварлах

Бусад уншихЗасварлах

  • Price-Jones, David. The Closed Circle: an Interpretation of the Arabs. Pbk. ed., with a new preface by the author. Chicago: I. R. Dee, 2002. xiv, 464 p. ISBN 1-56663-440-7 pbk
  • Ankerl, Guy. Coexisting Contemporary Civilizations: Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. INU PRESS, Geneva, 2000. ISBN 2-88155-004-5.

Гадаад холбоосЗасварлах

  Commons: Араб – Викимедиа дуу дүрсний сан
  1. CIA World Factbook: Algeria (20 March 2014).
  2. CIA World Factbook: Bahrain (23 June 2014).
  3. CIA World Factbook: Bahrain (23 June 2014).
  4. CIA World Factbook: Bahrain (23 June 2014).
  5. CIA World Factbook: Egypt (22 June 2014).
  6. CIA World Factbook: Iraq (20 March 2014).
  7. http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/hodaot2013n/11_13_097e.pdf
  8. CIA World Factbook: Jordan (20 June 2014).
  9. Kuwait Population Census (2015).
  10. CIA World Factbook: Lebanon (20 June 2014).
  11. CIA World Factbook: Libya (20 June 2014).
  12. CIA World Factbook: Mauritania (20 June 2014).
  13. CIA World Factbook: Morocco (20 June 2014).
  14. CIA World Factbook: Oman (22 June 2014).
  15. CIA World Factbook: Gaza Strip (3 November 2013).
  16. CIA World Factbook: West Bank (3 November 2013).
  17. CIA World Factbook: Qatar (20 June 2014).
  18. CIA World Factbook: Saudi Arabia (20 June 2014).
  19. CIA World Factbook: Somalia (23 June 2014).
  20. CIA World Factbook: Sudan (20 June 2014).
  21. CIA World Factbook: Syria (20 June 2014).
  22. CIA World Factbook: Tunisia (20 June 2014).
  23. CIA World Factbook: United Arab Emirates (20 June 2014).
  24. CIA World Factbook: Yemen (20 March 2014).
  25. Saudi Aramco World : The Arabs of Brazil. 24 March 2015-д хандсан.
  26. France's ethnic minorities: To count or not to count. The Economist (2009-03-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  27. Иш татахад гарсан алдаа: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Hadramaut dan Para Kapiten Arab
  28. الهجرة السورية اللبنانية إلى الأرجنتين. Fearab.org.ar. 13 April 2010-д хандсан.
  29. Иш татахад гарсан алдаа: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named The Arab American Institute
  30. Joshua Project. Country - Turkey :: Joshua Project Joshua Project. 24 March 2015-д хандсан.
  31. Иш татахад гарсан алдаа: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named thedailybeast.com
  32. Iran. the original on 24 April 2013-с архивлагдсан. 3 August 2013-д хандсан.
  33. Iran. the original on 24 April 2013-с архивлагдсан. 3 August 2013-д хандсан.
  34. Ben Cahoon. World Statesmen.org. World Statesmen.org. 17 September 2011-д хандсан.
  35. (Испани) En Chile viven unas 700.000 personas de origen árabe y de ellas 500.000 son descendientes de emigrantes palestinos que llegaron a comienzos del siglo pasado y que constituyen la comunidad de ese origen más grande fuera del mundo árabe.
  36. Agência de Notícias Brasil-Árabe. 24 March 2015-д хандсан.
  37. British Arabs. 24 March 2015-д хандсан.
  38. http://www.cz-herborn.de/arabische/
  39. إحصائيات كندا: الجمهرة وفقًا للأصول العرقية، في كل محافظة وإقليم (إحصاء سنة 2006).
  40. "Dutch media perceived as much more biased than Arabic media – Media & Citizenship Report conducted by University of Utrecht", Utrecht University, 10 September 2010, <http://www.media-citizenship.eu/images/stories/pdf/Amsterdam_national_focus_group_report.pdf> (retrieved on 29 November 2010)
  41. Monash University Research Repository. 24 March 2015-д хандсан.