"Монголын Ардын арми"-ны өөр хувилбарууд

no edit summary
General (GEN)
Marshal of Mongolia (MAR)
===Дүрэмт хувцас===
===Uniform===
Because it was established on a Soviet military system, the Mongolian People's Army used similar uniforms with the [[Red Army]], only with Mongolian distinctions. Until 1924, People's Army personnel wore traditional [[deel (clothing)|deel]], which had their respective shoulder insignias. In the mid-1930s, the army adopted Soviet [[Gymnasterka]] and developed its true rank and distinction system. All personnel were distinct by their sleeve and collar insignias from the general population when the gymnastyorka was rather popular. After the [[Battle of Khalkhin Gol]], slight modifications were made. In 1944 all uniforms and insignia were significantly changed to include shoulder insignia and camouflage cloaks, similar to Soviet uniform modifications.
 
[[File:A Mongolian soldier performs during the opening ceremony for exercise Khaan Quest 2013 at the Five Hills Training Area in Mongolia Aug. 3, 2013 130803-M-MG222-004.jpg|right|thumb|200px|A Horsemen with by Soviet similar uniform performs during the opening ceremony for exercise Khaan Quest 2013 at the Five Hills Training Area in Mongolia Aug. 3, 2013]]
 
==Байлдааны үйл ажиллагаа==
==Military actions==
{{Main|Participants in World War II#Mongolia}}
Units of Mongolian People's Army supported and [[allied]] with a Soviet Red Army in the [[Battle of Khalkhyn Gol]] in 1939 and on the western flank of the [[Soviet invasion of Manchuria]] in 1945. Domestically, it took part in the suppression of the [[1932 armed uprising]]. Also involved to many border conflict against [[Manchukuo Imperial Army|Manchukuo]] with a [[Kwantung Army]] (one of large part of the [[Imperial Japanese Army]]) and Chinese [[National Revolutionary Army]].[[Imperial Japanese Army]] recorded 152 minor incidents on the border of Manchuria between 1932 and 1934. The number of incidents increased to over 150 per year in 1935 and 1936, and the scale of incidents became larger.
[[File:MNRA soldiers 1939.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Mongolian troops fight against it took part Japanese counterattack on the western beach of river the Khalkhin Gol, 1939]]
 
==Хөнгөн зэвсэглэл==
==Light equipment==
[[MosinМосин-Nagantнаган]],
[[PPShППШ-41]],
 
[[PPShППШ-43]],
 
[[Russian M1910 MaximМаксим]],
 
[[SGСГ-43 GoryunovГорюнов]],
 
[[DShKДШK]]
 
[[Дегтяровын пулемёт]]
[[Degtyaryov machine gun]]
 
==Артиллери ба мортар==
==Artillery and mortars==
[[37 mm antiмм-tankийн танк эсэргүүцэх их gunбуу M1930 (1-K)]]
 
[[76 mmмм-ийн regimentalхорооны gunих буу M1927]]
 
[[45 mm antiмм-tankийн танк эсэргүүцэх их gunбуу M1937 (53-K)]]
 
[[76 mmмм-ийн regimentalхорооны gunих буу M1943]]
 
==Пуужинт төхөөрөмж==
==Multiple Rocket Launchers==
[[BMБМ-13]] - 150
 
==Агаарын их буу==
==Anti-aircraft Weapon==
 
Although little attention was paid to anti-aircraft weaponry in the Mongolian People's Army, a few dozen units of Soviet origin were known to be distributed to light armored outfits.
 
==Автомашин==
==Vehicles==
*[[GAZГаз-61]]
*[[GAZГаз-64]]
*[[GAZГаз-67]]
*[[ZiS-5 (truck)|ZISЗиС-5]]
*[[GAZ–MMГаз–MM]]
*[[ZiSЗиС-42]]
*[[Studebaker US6]]
*[[Dodge WC-51]]
 
==Хуягт корпус==
==Armored corps==
Under Soviet support campaign for mechanization, the army formed its first mechanized unit in 1922. Also it was by structure in the ground force half-[[mechanization]] cavalry in the other units distributed to light armored vehicles until 1943. It began to process to motorised since 1943.
This is a list of Mongolian People's Army tanks and armour during the 1922s-World War II period.
 
===ArmouredХуягт carsмашин===
*Орос[[Остин Путилов]] (2 ш)
*Russian [[Austin Armoured Car|Austin Putilov]] (two examples)
*SovietЗХУ [[FAI armouredхуягт carмашин|FAI]]
*SovietЗХУ [[BAБА-6]]
*SovietЗХУ [[BAБА-10]]
*SovietЗХУ [[BAБА-64]]
 
===LightХөнгөн Tanksтанк===
*SovietЗХУ [[T-27]]- 10
*SovietЗХУ [[BTБТ-5]] - ? (Unknown number)
*SovietЗХУ [[BTБТ-7]] - 27
 
===MediumДунд Tanksтанк===
*SovietЗХУ [[T-34]]- (Unknown number)?
*SovietЗХУ [[T-34/85]]- 33
[[File:A monument featuring a T-34-85 tank in Ulan Bator.jpg|thumb|200px|A WorldХувьсгалт WarМонгол IIтанкийн memorial in Ulan Bator, featuring aбригад T-34-85 tankтанкийн хөшөө.]]
 
===SpsӨөрөө Tankявагч destroyersих буу===
*SovietЗХУ [[SUСУ-100]]
 
==MongolianМонголын People'sардын Armyармийн AviationАгаарын inцэргийн хүч 1925–1945 он==
{{Гол|Монгол ард эскадриль}}
{{Main|Mongolian Arat Air Squadron}}
The Mongolian People's Army Aviation drastically improved with Soviet training and vastly ameliorated within a time span of several years. In May 1925, a [[Junkers F.13]] entered service as the first aircraft in Mongolian civil and military-related aviation. In March 1931, the [[Soviet Union]] donated three [[Polikarpov R-1]]s to the Mongolian People's Army, with Mongolia further purchasing three R-1s.<ref name="Walg1 p18-9">Walg ''Air Enthusiast'' November/December 1996, pp. 18–19.</ref> In 1932, an [[1932 armed uprising in Mongolia|uprising broke out]] against [[Collectivization]], which saw both Soviet and Mongolian-operated R-1s taking part in actions against the rebellion. The aircraft carried out reconnaissance, [[Airborne leaflet propaganda|leaflet dropping]], and bombing missions<ref name="Walg1 p19-0">Walg ''Air Enthusiast'' November/December 1996, pp. 19–20.</ref> Chinese intelligence reports that in 1945 the Mongolian People's Air Force had been with a three-fighter and three-bomber aviation-[[regiment]], and one flight training school and greater air [[Squadron (aviation)|squadrons]]. It was reported that headquartered in the [[Kempeitai|Mukden Manchukuo spy-section]] in October 1944 air force whole units had been 180 aircraft and 1231 flight and technical personnel. The Mongolian People's Army Aviation demonstrated its full potential during the [[Battle of Khalkhin Gol]], which was its largest engagement. Apart from intercepting intruding aircraft, People's Aviation was used heavily to repress domestic rebel movements.
 
The [[Mongolian Air Force|Mongolian People's Air Force]] has operated a variety of aircraft types.
 
===TrainerСургалтын===
* [[Avro 504|PoПо-1]]
* [[PoПо-2]]
* [[YakovlevЯковлев UTУТ-2]]
* [[YakЯк-11]]
 
===Бөмбөгдөгч ба дайрагч онгоц===
===Bomber and ground-attack aircraft===
* [[PolikarpovПоликарпов RР-1]]-Unknown number
* [[PolikarpovПоликарпов RР-5]]-40
* [[IlyushinИльюшин IlИл-2]]-70
 
===FighterСөнөөгч aircraftонгоц===
* [[PolikarpovПоликарпов IИ-15]]- 50
* [[PolikarpovПоликарпов IИ-15]]bis- Unknown number
* [[PolikarpovПоликарпов IИ-16]]- 1
* [[YakЯк-7]]- Unknown number
* [[YakЯк-9]]- 34
 
===TransportТээврийн aircraftонгоц===
* [[LisunovИльюшин LiЛи-2]]
* [[Стал-3)]]
* [[Putilov Stal-3|Gan-3 (Stal-3. this airplanes frame is made with stainless steel. Stal' means steel in Russian but Gan is a Mongolian word)]]
* [[KalininКалинин K-5]]
* [[Yakovlev YakЯк-6]]
* [[Junkers F-13]]
* [[Junkers W 33]]
* [[Nakajima Ki-34]]-12
* [[Yakovlev AIRАИР-6]]
 
==MongolianМонголын People'sардын Armyармийн capabilityчадавх ( 1950-1990 )==
 
{| class="wikitable"
! style="text-align: left;"|EquipmentТехник
! style="text-align: left;"|OriginГарал
! style="text-align: left;"|VersionsХувилбар
! style="text-align: left;"|NumberТоо
! style="text-align: left;"|NotesТайлбар
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[MainҮндсэн Battle Tankтанк]]/[[MediumДунд Tankтанк]]'''
|-
| [[SUСУ-100]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Өөрөө явагч их буу
| Self-propelled gun
| 10<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[T-34|T-34/85]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Дунд танк
| Medium Tank
| 40<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[T-54]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Дунд танк
| Medium Tank
| 250<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[T-55]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Дунд танк
| Medium Tank
| 250<ref name=sipri1>[http://www.armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.phpThe SIPRI]</ref>
|
|-
| [[T-62]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Үндсэн танк
| Main Battle Tank
| 100<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[InfantryЯвган Fightingцэргийн Vehicleбайлдааны машин]]/[[ArmoredХуягласан Personnelтусгай Carrier]машин]'''
|-
| [[BMPБМП-1]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Явган цэргийн байлдааны машин
| Infantry Fighting Vehicle
| 400<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[BTRБТР-40]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Дугуйтай хуягласан машин
| Wheeled armoured personnel carrier
| 200<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[BTRБТР-60]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Дугуйтай хуягласан машин
| Wheeled armoured personnel carrier
| 50<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[BTRБТР-152]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Дугуйтай хуягласан машин
| Wheeled armoured personnel carrier
| 50<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[BRDMБРДМ-1]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Хуягласан тусгай машин
| Armored Personnel Carrier
| 150<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[BRDMБРДМ-2]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| Хуягласан тусгай машин
| Armored Personnel Carrier
| 120<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[MultipleПуужинт rocket launcherтөхөөрөмж]]'''
|-
| [[BMБМ-21]] GradГрад
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 122&nbsp;mmмм-ийн MultipleПуужинт rocket launcherтөхөөрөмж
| 130<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[Towed artilleryАртиллери]]'''
|-
| [[85 mmмм-ийн divisionalдивизийн gunих буу D-44]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 85&nbsp;mmмм-ийн divisionalдивизийн gunих буу
|
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[122 mmмм-ийн gunих буу M1931/37 (A-19)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 122&nbsp;mmмм-ийн towedих gunбуу
| 20<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[122 mmмм-ийн howitzerзенитийн их буу 2A18 (D-30)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 122&nbsp;mmмм-ийн howitzerзенитийн их буу
| 50<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[130 mmмм-ийн towedхээрийн fieldих gunбуу M1954 (M-46)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 130&nbsp;mmмм-ийн towedхээрийн fieldих gunбуу
|
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[152 mm howitzerмм-gunийн зенитийн их буу M1937 (ML-20)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 152&nbsp;mmмм-ийн howitzerзенитийн gunих буу
|
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[122 mmмм-ийн howitzerзенитийн их буу M1938 (M-30)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 122&nbsp;mmмм-ийн howitzerзенитийн их буу
| 100<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[152 mmмм-ийн howitzerзенитийн их буу M1943 (D-1)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 152&nbsp;mmмм-ийн fieldхээрийн gunих буу
| 50<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[Mortar (weapon)|MortarМортар]]'''
|-
| [[82-BMБМ-37|BMБМ-37]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 82&nbsp;mmмм-ийн calibreкалибрийн mortarмортар
|
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[120-PMПМ-43 mortarмортар|PMПМ-43]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 120&nbsp;mmмм-ийн calibreкалибрийн smoothbore mortarмортар
|
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[:ru:М-160|M-160]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 160&nbsp;mmмм-ийн Divisionalдивизийн mortarмортар
|
| unknown number
|
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[Anti-tankТанк gunэсэргүүцэх буу]]'''
|-
| [[SPGСПГ-9]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 73&nbsp;мм-ийн Танк эсэргүүцэх буу
| 73&nbsp;mm anti-tank gun
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[85 mmмм-ийн antitankТанк gunэсэргүүцэх Dбуу Д-48]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 85&nbsp;mm antiмм-tankийн Танк gunэсэргүүцэх буу
|
| unknown number
|
|-
| [[100 mmмм-ийн fieldхээрийн gunих буу M1944 (BSБС-3)]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 100&nbsp;mmмм-ийн fieldхээрийн их буу gun
| 25<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|-
| [[T-12 antitankТанк gunэсэргүүцэх буу]]
| {{flagcountry|Soviet UnionЗХУ}}
| 100&nbsp;mm antiмм-tankийн Танк эсэргүүцэх gunбуу
| 25<ref name="sipri1"/>
|
|}
 
== MongolianМонголын People'sардын Armyармийн AirАгаарын Forceцэргийн хүч ( 1950-1990 ) ==
{| class="wikitable"
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|NameНэр
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|OriginГарал
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|TypeТөрөл
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|VersionsХувилбарууд
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|InАшиглалтанд serviceбайгаа
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|NotesТайлбар
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[FighterСөнөөгч aircraftонгоц]]'''
|-
| [[PolikarpovПоликарпов IИ-15]] || {{USSRЗХУ}} || FighterСөнөөгч || IИ-15 || 1+<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
| [[PolikarpovПоликарпов IИ-16]] || {{USSRЗХУ}} || FighterСөнөөгч || IИ-16 || 1+<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
| [[PolikarpovПоликарпов PoПо-2|Polikarpov Po-2 Mule]] || {{USSRЗХУ}} || FighterСөнөөгч || UУ-2a || 20<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
| [[MikoyanМикоян-GurevichГуревич MiGМиГ-15|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiGМиГ-15 Fagot]] || {{USSR}} || FighterСөнөөгч || MiGМиГ-15bis15бис || 48<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
| [[MikoyanМикоян-GurevichГуревич MiGМиГ-17|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiGМиГ-17 Fresco]] || {{USSRЗХУ}} || FighterСөнөөгч || MiGМиГ-17F17Ф || 36<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
| [[MikoyanМикоян-GurevichГуревич MiGМиГ-21|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiGМиГ-21 Fishbed]] || {{USSRЗХУ}} || FighterСөнөөгч || MiGМиГ-21PFM21ПФМ/MFМФ || 30+12<ref name="sipri1"/><ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[BomberБөмбөгдөгч]]'''
|-
| [[PolikarpovПоликарпов RР-ZЗ]] || {{USSRЗХУ}} || Lightхөнгөн Bomberбөмбөгдөгч || RР-ZЗ || unknownтоо numberтодорхойгүй<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
|-
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | '''[[MilitaryЦэргийн transportтээврийн aircraftонгоц|TransportТээврийн aircraftонгоц]]'''
|-
| [[Boeing 727]] || {{USA}} || Narrow-body jet airliner || Boeing 727-200 || unknown number<ref name="worldairforces"/> ||
2,543

edits